Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases:
doi: 10.1097/01.olq.0000218878.29220.8e
Article

Design of a Community-Based Study of Sexually Transmitted Infections/HIV and Infertility in an Urban Area of Northern Tanzania

Larsen, Ulla PhD*; Mlay, Joseph MD†; Aboud, Said MS‡; Ballard, Ronald PhD§; Sam, Noel E. MD∥; Shao, John F. MD∥; Kapiga, Saidi H. MD¶

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Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the design of a community-based study of sexually transmitted infections (STIs)/HIV and infertility in northern Tanzania.

Study Design: Households were selected using a 2-stage sampling design. Eligible women and their partners were interviewed before samples were collected for STIs/HIV detection. Posttest counseling and treatment for STIs and infertility were provided.

Results: A total of 2019 women and 794 male partners were interviewed. Over 70% of interviewed women and men provided blood and urine samples. Individuals providing blood and urine samples had high-risk profiles for STIs/HIV when compared with others who did not provide these samples. Although the study results may be affected by selection bias, risk factors for STIs/HIV were similar to those in other studies supporting the generalizability of the findings.

Conclusions: It is feasible to conduct a community-based survey, including collection of biomarkers and measurement of infertility, in this urban setting.

© Copyright 2007 American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association

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