Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases:
doi: 10.1097/01.olq.0000204624.26219.6a
Article

Prevalence and Correlates of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Among Female Sex Workers in Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Todd, Catherine S. MD, MPH*; Khakimov, Mumtaz M. MD†; Alibayeva, Gulchaekra MD†; Abdullaeva, Mukhabat MD†; Giyasova, Guzel M. MD†; Saad, Magdi D. DVM‡; Botros, Boulos A. DVM, PhD‡; Bautista, Christian T. MS§; Sanchez, Jose L. MD, MPH§; Carr, Jean K. PhD§; Earhart, Kenneth C. MD‡

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Abstract

Objectives/Goal: To assess prevalence of and correlates to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among female sex workers in Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

Study Design: Women participating in this cross-sectional study completed a questionnaire and HIV testing between April 2003 and March 2004. Logistic regression analyses determined correlation of variables to HIV infection.

Results: Of 448 women, 10% (45) were HIV infected, which was associated with ever injecting drugs (AOR = 20.20; 95% confidence interval [CI], 7.69–53.07), street-based sex work (AOR = 4.52; 95% CI, 1.84–11.12), exchanging sex for drugs (AOR = 4.74; 95% CI, 1.84–12.18), and more sexually transmitted infection treatments in the preceding 3 months (AOR = 2.43; 95% CI, 1.14–5.17).

Conclusions: Although injection drug use is the strongest correlate to HIV infection, sexual risk behaviors are independently related and should receive focus in prevention efforts targeted to this population.

© Copyright 2006 American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association

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