Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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Article

The Impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy and Immunodeficiency on Human Papillomavirus Infection of the Oral Cavity of Human Immunodeficiency Virus–Seropositive Adults

Cameron, Jennifer E. PhD*‡; Mercante, Donald PhD‡; O'Brien, Megan PhD§; Gaffga, Ann M. BS†; Leigh, Janet E. BDS, DMD‡; Fidel, Paul L. Jr PhD*‡; Hagensee, Michael E. MD, PhD†‡

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Abstract

Background: Prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV)–associated oral condylomas has reportedly increased in HIV-infected individuals since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The relationships between HIV therapy regimen, overall health, and subclinical oral HPV have not been examined.

Goal: To determine oral HPV genotype prevalence and the impact of HAART and health in the HIV+ population.

Study: An L1 consensus-primer polymerase chain reaction and linear array assay were used to examine the prevalence of 27 HPV genotypes in saliva of 98 HIV+ individuals. Risk assessment variables were compared to oral HPV status.

Results: Oral HPV was detected in 37% of HIV+ African American individuals. Caucasians were at greater risk of oral HPV infection than African Americans. Markers of advanced HIV disease did not predict HPV status. Therapy status was associated with HPV detection.

Conclusions: Treatment of HIV, rather than HIV immunosuppression, appears to play a role in oral HPV infections in HIV+ individuals.

© Copyright 2005 American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association

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