Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases:
Article

Changes in Partnerships and HIV Risk Behaviors After Partner Notification

HOXWORTH, TAMARA PhD*; SPENCER, NANCY E. MSPH*; PETERMAN, THOMAS A. MD, MSc†; CRAIG, THELMA BS*; JOHNSON, SOLWAZI BS*; MAHER, JULIE E. PhD‡

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Abstract

Background and Objective: Few studies have examined the effect of partner notification (PN) on behavior change and partnerships. This study investigated both.

Goal: The goal was to examine the effect of PN on sexual behaviors and partnership dissolution and formation.

Study Design: Subjects included HIV-positive persons interviewed to identify partners for notification, partners notified of exposure, and HIV-negative persons receiving HIV counseling and testing (controls). Subjects were interviewed about behaviors and relationships at baseline and at 3- and 6-month visits. Partnerships in which both subject and partner received PN were compared to partnerships in which only the subject received PN and to control partnerships.

Results: Partnerships where both persons received PN were less likely to break up or acquire new partners and more likely to use condoms at follow-up.

Conclusion: PN did not increase partnership dissolution or formation and was associated with higher condom use, suggesting the value of PN in HIV prevention.

© Copyright 2003 American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association

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