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Can the Interpedicular Distance Reliably Assess the Severity of Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures?

Caffaro, Maria Fernanda Silber MD; Avanzi, Osmar MD

doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e318237b0cf
Diagnostics

Study Design. Retrospective analysis of 260 patients with acute spine fractures treated at a tertiary trauma center from 1989 to 2009.

Objective. To correlate the Interpedicular distance (IPD) to the percentage of narrowing of the spinal canal and to the presence of neurological deficit and laminar fracture in thoracolumbar burst fractures.

Summary of Background Data. Several reports use radiographic findings such as severity of vertebrae collapse, comminution of the vertebral body, and grade of localized kyphosis to determine the severity of spinal traumas and establish appropriate management. However, the importance of the IPD in burst fractures has rarely been mentioned, and no report specifically describes the correlation between an increased IPD and the severity of the lesion or a higher occurrence of lamina fractures.

Methods. Plain radiographs of 260 patients with acute thoracolumbar burst fractures were studied. The percentage of widening between the pedicles of the fractured vertebra (IPD) was established by comparing this distance with that of the vertebrae immediately above and below. Data concerning neurological status, percentage of narrowing of the spinal canal, and the presence of laminar fracture were correlated to the IPD.

Results. A significant correlation between IPD and the percentage of narrowing of the spinal canal was found (r = 0.39; t = 6.78; P = 0.00). IPD was significantly increased in patients with neurological deficit (24.7% ± 12.6%) and in patients with lamina fractures (24.6% ± 16.2%).

Conclusion. IPD measured from plain radiographs proved to be a reliable instrument to assess narrowing of the spinal canal, neurological deficits, and laminar fractures.

The interpedicular distance measured on plain anterior-posterior radiographs of patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures provides relevant information on traumatic narrowing of the spinal canal, presence of neurological deficit, and laminar fractures, contributing to diagnostic investigation and management.

From the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Spine Surgery Division, Santa Casa School of Medicine and Hospitals of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Maria Fernanda Silber Caffaro, MD, Rua Martinico Prado 90/133, 01224-010, São Paulo, Brazil; E-mail: mfscaffaro@yahoo.com.br

Acknowledgment date: June 9, 2010. Acceptance date: July 19, 2011.

The manuscript submitted does not contain information about medical device(s)/drug(s).

No funds were received in support of this work. No benefits in any form have been or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this manuscript.

This study was approved by the institutional review board for scientific clinical trials in humans from Santa Casa School of Medicine and Hospitals of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil (protocol no. 448/06).

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.