Soil Science

Skip Navigation LinksHome > February 2013 - Volume 178 - Issue 2 > Jean-Baptiste De Beunie (1717–1793): Unsung Pioneer of the...
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Soil Science:
doi: 10.1097/SS.0b013e318287ed6a
Technical Article

Jean-Baptiste De Beunie (1717–1793): Unsung Pioneer of the Study of Soils

Baveye, Philippe C.

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Abstract: Recent biographical sources suggest that an individual by the name of Jean-Baptiste De Beunie, a physician who lived more than two centuries ago in what is now northern Belgium, came up with the idea of a three-class granulometry for soils and the perspective that the clay fraction determines the fertility of soils. The present article fills some gaps in the knowledge available in the literature about De Beunie’s life, contrasts his scientific contributions with those of his contemporaries, and shows that, by comparison, he was extremely original in his outlook on soils. Even though De Beunie virtually stopped being credited for his pioneering work just a few decades after his death, evidence suggests that he played a significant role in the scientific investigation of soils in the 18th century and that he deserves far more recognition by soil scientists than he is given at the moment.

© 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.




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