The authors reviewed MEDLINE and references of major articles in the published literature over the last 30 years regarding the complications of alcohol abuse and discuss the critical care aspects of alcohol abuse. This article discusses the severe medical conditions associated with alcohol abuse that lead to admission to the medical intensive care unit. The clinical manifestations, pathophysiology, diagnostic studies, and management of these conditions are discussed in detail.
* This report describes the critical illnesses related to alcohol abuse.
* The pathophysiologic mechanisms of these illnesses are discussed.
* The role of the different diagnostic studies and the management approaches to these critical illnesses are discussed.