Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Share this article on:

Does Appearance Matter? Current Issues and Formulation of a Research Agenda for Moulage in Simulation

Stokes-Parish, Jessica B. M. Nurs (Adv Prac); Duvivier, Robbert MD, PhD; Jolly, Brian PhD

Simulation in Healthcare: The Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare: February 2017 - Volume 12 - Issue 1 - p 47–50
doi: 10.1097/SIH.0000000000000211
Concepts & Commentary

Summary Statement: The use of moulage is assumed to add realism and authentic context in simulation. Despite the expense required to utilize moulage effectively, there is little exploration in the literature as to both its necessity and its accuracy of portrayal. We explore engagement, authenticity, and realism theories in the context of moulage and highlight the need for more evidence on moulage in simulation-based education, including suggestions for future research. In particular, we urge the simulation community to move beyond descriptive papers to investigate moulage in terms of justification and clarification.

From the School of Medicine and Public Health (J.B.S.P., R.D., B.J.), Chameleon Simulation Centre School of Medicine and Public Health (J.B.S.P.), University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia.

Reprints: Jessica B. Stokes-Parish, M. Nurs (Adv Prac), Chameleon Simulation Centre Level 1, Clinical Skills Training Centre, Hunter Region Mail Centre, NSW, 2300, Australia (e-mail:

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

© 2017 Society for Simulation in Healthcare