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Shigatoxigenic Escherichia coli in Australia: a review

Bettelheim, Karl A.a; Goldwater, Paul N.b,c

Reviews in Medical Microbiology: January 2013 - Volume 24 - Issue 1 - p 22–30
doi: 10.1097/MRM.0b013e328358ac88
Original Articles

Shigatoxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) belonging to O serogroup O157 are predominantly reported in many parts of the world; this appears not to be the case in Australia, where other serogroups, especially O111, are more common. In this review, the incidence of human STEC infections in Australia from the first reported cases until today is reviewed. In this review, the extensive simultaneous studies on domestic food animals and the incidence of STEC in these animals are discussed in relation to human infections.

aRetired, Southgate, London, UK

bDepartment of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, SA Pathology at the Women's and Children's Hospital

cSchool of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, University of Adelaide, North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Correspondence to Paul N. Goldwater, Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, SA Pathology at the Women's and Children's Hospital, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide, SA 5006, Australia. Tel: +61 8 81617432; fax: +61 8 81616882; email: paul.goldwater@health.sa.gov.au

Received 24 June, 2012

Accepted 30 July, 2012

© 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins