Skip Navigation LinksHome > Spring 2010 - Volume 4 - Issue 2 > ACUTE RETINAL NECROSIS AND CYSTIC ENCEPHALOMALACIA IN A PREM...
RETINAL Cases & Brief Reports:
doi: 10.1097/ICB.0b013e3181ad3900
Original Articles

ACUTE RETINAL NECROSIS AND CYSTIC ENCEPHALOMALACIA IN A PREMATURE NEONATE

Wong, Ryan K. BA*; Khanifar, Aziz A. MD*; Sun, Grace MD*; Heier, Linda A. MD†; Saffra, Norman MD, FACS‡; Chan, R V. Paul MD, MS*

Collapse Box

Abstract

Purpose: To report a case of an infant born at 30 weeks gestational age (GA) who, at 37 weeks GA, presented with bilateral acute retinal necrosis (ARN) syndrome and herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalomalacia.

Methods: Observational case report.

Results: A premature infant was found to have ARN based on dilated funduscopic examination and positive HSV serologies. Herpes simplex virus encephalomalacia was diagnosed base on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the youngest reported patient with ARN. This case demonstrates that neonatal ARN may present with posterior chorioretinal lesions and highlights the importance of considering HSV infection of the central nervous system with MRI findings of cystic encephalomalacia.

© 2010 Ophthalmic Communications Society, Inc.

Login

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.