Purpose: To describe trends and outcomes of vitreoretinal surgery for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in a large Asian tertiary eye center.
Methods: Retrospective review of 1,530 eyes with primary retinal detachment between 2005 and 2011 managed at the Singapore National Eye Center by one of the following: scleral buckling (SB), pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), and combined SB and PPV (SB + PPV). Anatomical and functional outcomes were assessed.
Results: There was a trend toward PPV and PPV + SB as the primary reattachment procedure from 2005 to 2011. The primary anatomical success rate for PPV (78.6%) was worse than that for SB (88.8%) or SB + PPV (89.0%, P = 0.000). Final anatomical success rates were similar for all 3 procedures: SB 97.7%, PPV 95.2%, and SB + PPV 96.4%. Better functional success was achieved in the SB group (86.1%) than both the PPV (72.5%) and SB + PPV groups (77.5%, P = 0.000), partly attributable to the less complex nature of retinal detachments in the SB group. Older age and proliferative vitreoretinopathy were related to the poor functional outcomes in both phakic and pseudophakic eyes.
Conclusion: There was an increasing trend toward PPV and PPV + SB as the primary retinal reattachment surgery from 2005 through to 2011. High rates of anatomical and functional outcomes were achieved with SB, PPV, and SB + PPV, proliferative vitreoretinopathy and older age were negatively correlated with the functional success in both phakic and pseudophakic eyes.