To evaluate long-term outcome of intravitreal anti–vascular endothelial growth factor monotherapy in retinal angiomatous proliferation.
Twenty-one treatment-naive eyes were included in this prospective, interventional case series. Treatment was three monthly injections of bevacizumab and/or ranibizumab with a modified PrONTO-style regimen. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was evaluated. The influence of baseline BCVA and pretreatment pigment epithelial detachment on BCVA outcome or retreatment were assessed by Pearson correlation analysis.
Results were evaluated at 2 years and 3 years for 21 and 13 eyes, respectively. Mean baseline BCVA improved significantly from 44.5 (±11.0) (20/32) to 51.1 (±9.7) (20/24) and 50.8 (±10.4) letters (20/24) at 2 and 3 years, respectively (P = 0.02 and P = 0.049). Pigment epithelial detachment correlated negatively with BCVA outcome (r = −0.65, P = 0.002 and r = −0.67, P = 0.01 at 2 years and 3 years, respectively) and was significantly associated with retreatment (r = 0.62, P = 0.003 and r = 0.87, P < 0.0001 at 2 years and 3 years, respectively). Complete occlusion of the lesion was obtained in 71% and 69% of eyes at 2 years and 3 years, respectively, with a mean of 9.4 injections at 3 years.
Intravitreal anti–vascular endothelial growth factor monotherapy was a valid option for retinal angiomatous proliferation. Stable or improved visual acuity was obtained in 95% and 100% of eyes at 2 years and 3 years, respectively.