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IMPACT OF RETICULAR PSEUDODRUSEN ON MACULAR FUNCTION

Querques, Giuseppe MD, PhD*,†; Massamba, Nathalie MD*; Srour, Mayer MD*; Boulanger, Elise MD*; Georges, Anouk MD*; Souied, Eric H. MD, PhD*

doi: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e3182993df1
Original Study

Purpose: To investigate the impact of reticular pseudodrusen on macular function using microperimetry.

Methods: Eighteen consecutive patients (18 eyes) with reticular pseudodrusen (Group 1), and without medium/large drusen, underwent microperimetry. Eighteen age-matched and sex-matched subjects (18 eyes) with typical drusen and without pseudodrusen (Group 2) also underwent microperimetry. Macular sensitivity was assessed by microperimetry and compared between the two Groups.

Results: Mean age of patients with reticular pseudodrusen and with typical drusen was 77.3 ± 6.8 years and 75.0 ± 9.9 years, respectively (P = 0.4), and 61.1% and 61.1% were women, respectively. Mean best-corrected visual acuity was 0.14 ± 0.09 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution and 0.13 ± 0.09 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (P = 0.8) in Group 1 and Group 2, respectively. Microperimetry revealed a significant difference in overall mean macular sensitivity (“square 7 × 7”; 49 points) between Group 1 and Group 2 (5.9 ± 1.7 dB vs. 8.8 ± 2.4 dB, P < 0.001). Both mean central macular sensitivity (“square 3 × 3”; 9 points) and mean peripheral macular microperimetric sensitivity (overall “square 7 × 7” − central “square 3 × 3”; 40 points) were significantly reduced in Group 1 compared with Group 2 (central macular sensitivity: 6.9 ± 1.7 dB vs. 8.9 ± 2.6 dB in Group 1 and Group 2, respectively; P = 0.01; peripheral macular sensitivity: 5.7 ± 1.8 dB vs. 8.7 ± 2.3 dB in Group 1 and Group 2, respectively; P < 0.001). In Group 1, mean peripheral sensitivity was reduced when compared with mean central sensitivity (5.7 ± 1.8 dB vs. 6.9 ± 1.7 dB, P = 0.01), whereas in Group 2, mean sensitivity was similar in both peripheral and central macula (8.7 ± 2.3 dB vs. 8.9 ± 2.6 dB, P = 0.4).

Conclusion: Eyes with reticular pseudodrusen present a greater extent of reduced sensitivity than eyes with typical drusen.

In this study, the impact of reticular pseudodrusen on macular function was investigated and found that eyes affected with reticular pseudodrusen showed a greater extent of reduced sensitivity than eyes with typical drusen. These functional results aim to a better understanding of pathophysiology of this form of age-related macular degeneration characterized by higher progression to late-stage disease.

*Department of Ophthalmology, Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal de Creteil University Paris Est Creteil, Creteil, France; and

Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital San Raffaele, University Vita Salute San Raffaele, Milan, Italy.

Reprint requests: Giuseppe Querques, MD, PhD, Department of Ophthalmology, Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal de Creteil, 40 Avenue de Verdun, Creteil 94000, France; e-mail: giuseppe.querques@hotmail.it

None of the authors have any financial/conflicting interests to disclose.

© 2014 by Ophthalmic Communications Society, Inc.