Purpose: To test the efficacy of an intravitreal dexamethasone implant in patients with recalcitrant macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion.
Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed for 18 patients with retinal vein occlusion who received multiple bevacizumab intravitreal injections before treatment with an intravitreal dexamethasone implant.
Results: Two subgroups of bevacizumab-resistant patients were identified. Both subgroups responded to subsequent treatment with an intravitreal dexamethasone implant with an average reduction in central foveal thickness of 146.8 ± 33.65 μm. A visual acuity improvement of 0.26 ± 0.07 (logarithm of minimal angle of resolution) was also noted. Intraocular pressure increased by an average of 3.33 ± 0.66 mmHg and was managed by 1.0 ± 0.5 topical drops.
Conclusion: A subset of patients do not have resolution of macular edema after treatment with intravitreal bevacizumab. Such patients may respond to treatment with an intravitreal dexamethasone implant.