Purpose: Intravitreal injection of ranibizumab is highly effective for wet age-related macular degeneration. Its limitation is that most patients require repeated intravitreal injections to achieve and maintain the visual gain. We assessed the effectiveness of adjunctive topical bromfenac, a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug, with ranibizumab.
Methods: Patients with wet age-related macular degeneration with lesions smaller than 2 disk diameters were randomized 2:3 to adjunctive topical bromfenac (n = 16) or sham (n = 22) and a 0.5-mg ranibizumab injection in a double-masked fashion. Subjects were examined monthly, and ranibizumab was injected as needed from baseline. The primary endpoint was the comparison of the number of ranibizumab injections over 6 months. The visual and anatomic responses also were compared.
Results: The mean number of ranibizumab injections over 6 months was 2.2 in the bromfenac group and 3.2 in the sham, a difference that reached significance (P = 0.0274). The changes in visual acuity did not differ significantly (P = 0.3141) although the central retinal thickness was tended to decrease more in bromfenac group (P = 0.0604). Multivariate analysis showed that topical bromfenac is significantly associated with fewer ranibizumab injections.
Conclusion: Topical bromfenac might reduce the frequency of ranibizumab over 6 months in eyes with relatively small age-related macular degeneration lesions.