A series of young adult patients developed solar retinopathy during sun exposure over a two-day period in a particular region of the United States during March of 1986. Evaluation of the photobiological and geophysical parameters involved in solar retinitis are presented. A multifactorial pathogenesis is proposed. Of interest, a possible increase in terrestrial ultra-violet B radiation secondary to a localized relatively low ozone column during the days involved may have contributed to the retinal damage. Recommendations for protection from solar retinitis are noted.
LuEsther T. Mertz Retinal Research Laboratory and the Macula Foundation, Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital, New York City, New York.
Reprint requests: Lawrence A. Yannuzzi, MD, 519 East 72nd Street, New York, NY 10021.
Presented at the American Ophthalmological Society, Annual Meeting, May 1987.