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Effectiveness of Mirror Therapy for Subacute Stroke in Relation to Chosen Factors

Radajewska, Alina PhD, PT1; Opara, Józef PhD, MD2,4; Biliński, Grzegorz PhD, PT3; Kaczorowska, Antonina PhD, PT3; Nawrat-Szołtysik, Agnieszka PhD, PT2; Kucińska, Aleksandra MPT2,4; Lepsy, Ewelina MPT3

doi: 10.1002/rnj.275
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Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of mirror therapy (MT) combined with comprehensive treatment and to investigate the possible relationships of functional state.

Design: Prospective, controlled trial of 60 stroke inpatients.

Methods: The Functional Index “Repty” (FIR) was an outcome measure to assess changes of independence in daily activities. The Frenchay Arm Test (FAT) and Motor Status Score were outcome measures to assess changes in hand function.

Findings: The analysis of pre- and posttest data indicated a significant improvement in hand function ([INCREMENT]FAT in the Mirror group p = .035, N = 30). Age factor indicated a significant change in relation to FIR outcome ([INCREMENT]FIR in the Mirror group p = .005, N = 30 and [INCREMENT]FIR in the Mirror group [left hand paresis] p = .037, N = 15).

Conclusions: Additional MT influenced improvement in hand function. The age is significant in terms of functional state. The older adults are likely to benefit from MT.

Clinical Relevance: A positive impact of combining MT with other treatment was indicated.

1 Department of Physiotherapy, Krapkowice Health Centre, Krapkowice, Poland

2 Department of Physiotherapy, Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland

3 Institute of Physiotherapy, Public Higher Medical Professional School in Opole, Opole, Poland

4 The ‘Repty’ Rehabilitation Centre in Tarnowskie Gory, Tarnowskie Gory, Poland

Correspondence: Alina Radajewska, Krapkowice Health Centre, os. XXX – lecia 21, Krapkowice 47–303, Poland. E-mail: alinaradajewska@gmail.com

Accepted February 9, 2016.

Cite this article as: Radajewska A., Opara J., Biliński G., Kaczorowska A., Nawrat-Szołtysik A., Kucińska A., & Lepsy E. (2017). Effectiveness of mirror therapy for subacute stroke in relation to chosen factors. Rehabilitation Nursing, 42(4), 223–229. doi: 10.1002/rnj.275

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