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Reducing the Incidence of Nosocomial Pneumonia in Cardiovascular Surgery Patients

Houston, Susan; Gentry, Layne O.; Pruitt, Vicki; Dao, Thanh; Zabaneh, Firas; Sabo, John

Original Articles

Outcomes management provides a mechanism to foster development of patient-driven services through revision of practice and measurement of outcomes. Because nosocomial pneumonia is the most common hospital-acquired infection in intensive care units, reducing the rate of nosocomial pneumonia became an area of intense scrutiny at our institution. This article shares an outcome initiative that focused on reducing the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia in a hospital setting. Strategies used such as multidisciplinary team formation, case/control study, quality improvement activities, risk tool development, and protocol implementation, are discussed. Process and outcome data are provided to demonstrate the initiative's positive impact. The benefits of this outcome effort are easily identified and well-illustrated. The backbone of the initiative—proactive identification of problems and the methodical, reasoned search for answers—is universally applicable.

Susan Houston, RN, PhD, CNAA, FAAN, is Assistant Vice President, Clinical Management & Outcomes Research, Center of Integrated Care, St. Luke's Episcopal Health System, Houston, Texas

Layne O. Gentry, MD, is Chief, Infectious Disease Section, Medical Director, Infection Control, St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, Texas, and Clinical Professor of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas

Vicki Pruitt, RN, BSN, CIC, is an Infection Control Practitioner, St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, Texas

Thanh Dao, MT, is an Infection Control Practitioner, St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, Texas

Firas Zabaneh, MT, is an Infection Control Practitioner, St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, Texas

John Sabo, MS, RRT, RCP, is Administrative Director, Respiratory Care & Clinical Anesthesia Support, St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, Texas.

Acknowledgment: Roderick MacDonald Fund, St. Luke's Episcopal Health Systems, Houston, Texas.

© 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.