Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of most selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor drug, escitalopram, in delaying ejaculation in patients with premature ejaculation (PE).
Materials and Methods: A total of 276 married men (mean age, 34.4 years) with PE were randomly assigned to receive 10 mg of escitalopram (n = 138; Group 1) or placebo (n = 138; Group 2) for 12 weeks. Pretreatment evaluation included history and physical examination, intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT), International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), and Meares-Stamey test. The efficacy of 2 treatments was assessed every 2 weeks during treatment, at the end of study, and in 3- and 6-month follow-up after cessation of treatment.
Results: At the end of 12-week treatment, the escitalopram group had a 4.9-fold (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.14-6.12) increase of the geometric mean IELT, whereas after placebo, the geometric mean IELT did not increase significantly (1.4-fold increase; 95% CI, 0.86-1.68; P = 0.001). Baseline mean intercourse satisfaction domain values of IIEF 10 and 11 reached to 16 and 10 at 12-week treatment in Groups 1 and 2, respectively (P = 0.01). At the end of 6-month follow-up period, the geometric mean IELT in escitalopram and placebo group demonstrated 3.1- (95% CI, 2.16-4.4) and 1.3-fold (95% CI, 0.78-1.62) increase, respectively (P = 0.001). Three- and 6-month intercourse satisfaction domain values of IIEF were 15 and 14 in Groups 1 and 10 and 10 (P = 0.01) in Group 2, respectively. Mean number of adverse events was 22 for escitalopram and 9 for placebo (P = 0.04).
Conclusions: Oral escitalopram is an effective treatment for PE with long-term benefit for the patient after it is withdrawn. Further studies are required to draw final conclusions on the efficacy of this drug in PE.
Department of Urology, Urology and Nephrology Research Center, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Received January 2, 2007; accepted after revision June 8, 2007.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Mohammad Reza Safarinejad, MD, PO Box 19395-1849, Tehran, Iran. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.