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Evidence-Based Medicine: How-To Articles

Creator:   Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Created:   10/13/2010
Contains:  20 items
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery has made evidence-based medicine a major initiative to improve the overall quality of published manuscripts. Rather than the traditional uncontrolled case series and restrospective cohort studies, PRS strongly encourages submissions to emply the full spectrum of research methodology including:

• epidemiology
• outcomes questionnaire development
• large database analysis
• survey methodology
• clinical trials
• case-control studies
• qualitative research
• social sciences relating to plastic surgery


Many of these methodologies are not familiar to plastic surgeons and are not traditional research tools in this field. However, Plastic Surgery is an innovative specialty, and the creativity of Plastic Surgery demands us to continue to explore new avenues of research directions and methods in order to promote the full spectrum of research tools at our disposal. This collection of instructive articles are by no means exhaustive, but they will provide a template for all who are interested in conducting clinical research and who are not deterred by unfamiliarity with some of the research methodologies.

In the current era of comparative effectiveness and focus on health care economics, articles that assess outcomes and cost will be considered favorably for submission to PRS because these types of articles can guide the treatments for our patients. To provide the most optimal care for our patients and to distinguish plastic surgery as the scientific leaders in Surgery, we must fully embrace evidence- based medicine and the many creative research methods to help us research vexing questions facing our specialty. I hope that you will learn and enjoy reading these selected articles, and we will continue to update this list to help you engage in outcomes research and evidence-based medicine.

Kevin C. Chung, MD, MS
Outcomes Editor

Rod J Rohrich, MD
Editor-in-Chief

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The Levels of Evidence and Their Role in Evidence-Based Medicine

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Development of a Brief, 12-Item Version of the Michigan Hand Questionnaire

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Randomized Controlled Trials

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Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis

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Patient-Reported Outcome Measures in Plastic Surgery: Use and Interpretation in Evidence-Based Medicine

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Statistics in Medicine

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Observational Studies: Cohort and Case-Control Studies

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A Guide for Writing in the Scientific Forum

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The Levels of Evidence and Their Role in Evidence-Based Medicine

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The Level of Evidence Pyramid: Indicating Levels of Evidence in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Articles

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Evidence-Based Medicine: The Fourth Revolution in American Medicine?

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A Guide to Qualitative Research in Plastic Surgery

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Survey Research

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Decision Analysis in Plastic Surgery: A Primer

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Introducing Evidence-Based Medicine to Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

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Developing Good Clinical Questions and Finding the Best Evidence to Answer Those Questions

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Fundamental Principles of Conducting a Surgery Economic Analysis Study

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How to Practice Evidence-Based Medicine

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Systematic Reviews: A Primer for Plastic Surgery Research

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Where Do We Find the Best Evidence?

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