Learning Objectives: After reviewing this article, the participant should be able to understand: 1. The epidemiology and genetics of microtia. 2. Refinements in surgical technique for microtia. 3. Outcomes of treatment. 4. Challenges in treatment selection, hearing restoration, surgical training, and tissue engineering.
Summary: Microtia reconstruction is both challenging and controversial. Our understanding of the epidemiology and genetics of microtia is improving. Surgical techniques continue to evolve, with better results. Treatment selection continues to be controversial. There are strong proponents for reconstruction with costal cartilage, Medpor or a prosthesis. More realistic models for teaching surgeons how to do the procedures are becoming available. Our approach to hearing rehabilitation is changing. Better solutions using percutaneous and implantable devices are under evaluation to help both unilateral and bilateral microtia patients. Tissue engineering will offer some exciting new treatment possibilities in the future.
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Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
From the Institute for Reconstructive Sciences in Medicine, Covenant Health Group, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Misericordia Community Hospital.
Received for publication September 18, 2013; accepted May 28, 2014.
Disclosure: The authors have no financial interest to declare in relation to the content of this article.
Related Video content is available for this article. The videos can be found under the “Related Videos” section of the full-text article, or, for Ovid users, using the URL citations published in the article.
Gordon H. Wilkes, M.D., University of Alberta, No. 174 Meadowlark Health Center, 156 Street and 87 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T5R 5W9, Canada, email@example.com