Background: Limited data exist in the literature regarding the general incidence of secondary abdominal contour procedures and secondary abdominoplasty (excluding revisions) or specific recommendations for surgical management of these patients.
Methods: The authors performed a retrospective chart review of 562 patients who underwent abdominal contouring procedures (liposuction and/or modified or full abdominoplasty) performed by a single surgeon (A.M.) from January of 2004 until October of 2012. Nonsurgical primary cases, secondary surgery that was revisional in nature, and massive weight loss patients were excluded.
Results: Seventy-three patients (13.0 percent) underwent secondary abdominal contouring procedures. Forty-six of 73 patients had charts available to be examined in greater detail. Thirty-four of these patients underwent secondary liposuction, whereas 12 of these patients had secondary full abdominoplasty procedures. Secondary operations occurred an average of 4.98 years after the primary procedure (range, 6 months to 15 years). Patients underwent secondary liposuction (n = 34) on average 3.16 years after their initial procedure, significantly sooner than patients who underwent secondary abdominoplasty (n = 12) 8.35 years after their initial procedure (p = 0.002). Patients with a body mass index less than 25 kg/m2 (n = 26) had both secondary liposuction (n = 16) and secondary abdominoplasty (n = 10), whereas all patients who had a body mass index of 25 kg/m2 or greater (n = 20) underwent only secondary liposuction.
Conclusions: True secondary abdominal contouring procedures represented 13.0 percent of all abdominal contouring procedures. The most common indication for a secondary procedure was an umbilical-site closure scar. Specific recommendations for surgical management of five common scenarios for secondary abdominal procedures are discussed.
CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, V.