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Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery:
doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3182a01457
Cosmetic: Original Articles

Frequency of the Preoperative Flaws and Commonly Required Maneuvers to Correct Them: A Guide to Reducing the Revision Rhinoplasty Rate

Lee, Michelle M.D.; Zwiebel, Samantha B.A.; Guyuron, Bahman M.D.

Discussion
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Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to identify the most common deformities seen preoperatively in secondary rhinoplasty patients and the required surgical maneuvers to correct them.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of 100 consecutive secondary rhinoplasty patients was performed. Preoperative variables included demographics, prior rhinoplasty data, main aesthetic/functional concerns, and the senior author’s physical examination of the nose. Details of the operative maneuvers were reviewed.

Results: The average patient age was 39.2 years. All patients had previous rhinoplasties performed by other surgeons. The most common preoperative complaints were airway occlusion (65 percent), dorsum asymmetry (33 percent), nostril asymmetry (18 percent), and tip asymmetry (14 percent). The most common preoperative nasal deformities seen by the senior author (B.G.) were dorsal asymmetry (65 percent), wide dorsum (47 percent), nostril asymmetry (41 percent), wide alar base (38 percent), and dorsal hump (30 percent). The senior author saw significantly more nasal deformities than the patients themselves, especially in the following areas: dorsal asymmetry (65 percent versus 33 percent; p = 0.0002), wide dorsum (47 percent versus 13 percent; p < 0.0001), nostril asymmetry (41 percent versus 18 percent; p = 0.0003), wide alar base (38 percent versus 6 percent; p < 0.0001), dorsal hump (30 percent versus 9 percent; p < 0.0001), and columella protrusion (25 percent versus 6 percent; p = 0.0002). The most common revision rhinoplasty surgical maneuvers were septoplasty (71 percent), alar rim graft (67 percent), dorsal graft (63 percent), osteotomy (60 percent), and dorsal hump removal (46 percent).

Conclusions: The high incidence of airway concerns among secondary rhinoplasty patients is alarming and emphasizes the urgent need to pay attention to the airway during primary rhinoplasty. There is often a disparity between what the patient sees and what the surgeon observes.

©2013American Society of Plastic Surgeons

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