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A Multivariate Regression Analysis of Panniculectomy Outcomes: Does Plastic Surgery Training Matter?

Mioton, Lauren M. B.S.; Buck, Donald W. II M.D.; Gart, Michael S. M.D.; Hanwright, Philip J. B.A.; Wang, Edward Ph.D.; Kim, John Y. S. M.D.

Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery:
doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3182818f1f
Cosmetic: Original Articles
Abstract

Background: Panniculectomy can improve quality of life in morbidly obese patients, but its functional benefits are counterbalanced by relatively high complication rates. The authors endeavored to determine the impact of plastic surgery training on panniculectomy outcomes.

Methods: A retrospective review was performed of the prospectively maintained American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database for all patients undergoing panniculectomy from 2006 to 2010. Patient demographic details, surgeon specialty training, and 30-day outcomes were assessed.

Results: A total of 954 panniculectomies meeting inclusion criteria were identified. Plastic surgeons performed 694 (72.7 percent) of the procedures, and 260 (27.3 percent) were performed by nonplastic surgeons. Nonplastic surgeons had significantly higher rates of overall complications (23.08 percent versus 8.65 percent; p < 0.001) and wound infections (12.69 percent versus 5.33 percent; p < 0.001) than plastic surgeons. Average operative time for plastic surgeons was significantly longer than that for nonplastic surgeons (3.00 ± 1.48 hours versus 1.88 ± 0.93 hours; p < 0.001). Risk-adjusted multivariate regression showed that undergoing a panniculectomy by a nonplastic surgeon was a significant predictor of overall postoperative complications (odds ratio, 2.09; 95 percent CI, 1.35 to 3.23) and wound infection (odds ratio, 1.73; 95 percent CI, 1.004 to 2.98). Subgroup analysis of propensity-matched samples supported this finding.

Conclusion: Multivariate regression analysis of National Surgical Quality Improvement Program data showed that panniculectomy performed by plastic surgeons results in lower rates of overall postoperative complications compared with that performed by nonplastic surgeons.

CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Risk, II.

Author Information

Nashville, Tenn.; and Chicago, Ill.

From the Vanderbilt School of Medicine and the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the Department of Surgery, and the Biostatistics Core, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine.

Received for publication September 7, 2012; accepted October 15, 2012.

Disclaimer: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program and the hospitals participating in the program are the source of the data used herein; they have not verified and are not responsible for the statistical validity of the data analysis or the conclusions derived by the authors.

Disclosure: The authors have no financial disclosures relevant to this article.

John Y. S. Kim, M.D.; Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, 675 North St. Clair Street, Galter Suite 19-250, Chicago, Ill. 60611, jokim@nmh.org

©2013American Society of Plastic Surgeons