Learning Objectives: After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Discuss the principles behind the choice of reconstructive techniques for all major head and neck regions. 2. Differentiate between the optimal choices for reconstruction of the different mandibulectomy defects. 3. List the requirements for successful reconstruction of the skull base. 4. Further study new and evolving head and neck reconstruction techniques and options.
Summary: Management of head and neck cancer has undergone many significant changes during the past two decades. This article gives an overview of the major areas in the head and neck, highlighting current practice and more recent trends in reconstruction choices. Further detail is given in the related videos. The five attached videos depict individual techniques of mandibular reconstruction, showing the technique of fibular dissection and osteotomy: endoscopic skull base reconstruction through a transpterygoid/lateral canthotomy approach, scalp reconstruction using a latissimus dorsi free flap and skin graft, maxillary reconstruction using the deep circumflex iliac artery iliac crest and internal oblique flap, and pharyngoesophageal reconstruction using an anterolateral thigh flap.