Learning Objectives: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand craniofacial dysmorphology and identify basic pediatric craniofacial syndromes. 2. Understand the functional concerns associated with these syndromes. 3. Achieve familiarity with the management protocols for the treatment of pediatric craniofacial syndromes.
Summary: This article provides an overview of the diagnosis and management of infants and children with craniofacial syndromes. Treatment protocols from The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, Washington, are highlighted.
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Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and Seattle, Wash.
From the Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto; the Center for Craniofacial Care and Research; the Division of Plastic Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children; the Department of Surgery, University of Washington School of Medicine; and the Division of Plastic Surgery and the Craniofacial Center, Seattle Children's Hospital.
Received for publication November 9, 2010; accepted May 5, 2011.
Disclosure: The authors have no financial interest to declare in relation to the content of this article.
Related Video content is available for this article. The videos can be found under the “Related Videos” section of the full-text article, or, for Ovid users, using the URL citations published in the article.
Christopher R. Forrest, M.D., M.Sc.; The Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Suite 5430, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X8, Canada, firstname.lastname@example.org