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Beyond Working Hours: Part I. Genesis and Current Difficulties

Luce, Edward A. M.D.

Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery:
doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3182450c27
Special Topics

Summary: The roots of the working hours mandate and controversy are outlined, the effect on resident education is described, and the service versus education equation is defined.

Author Information

Memphis, Tenn.

From the Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Tennessee.

Received for publication July 30, 2011; revised October 11, 2011.

Disclosure: The author has no financial interest in relation to the content of this article.

Edward A. Luce, M.D.; 80 Humphreys Drive, Suite 100, Memphis, Tenn. 38120,

©2012American Society of Plastic Surgeons