Learning Objectives: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Describe the most common options available for minimally invasive facial rejuvenation. 2. Identify key elements essential to each treatment option. 3. Know how to avoid and manage complications for these procedures.
Summary: Minimally invasive cosmetic procedures continue to increase in popularity. This article is intended to provide a broad and practical overview of common minimally invasive cosmetic techniques available to the plastic surgeon.
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Houston and Dallas, Texas; Mississauga, Ontario, Canada; and Boca Raton, Fla.
From the Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center; The Plastic Surgery Clinic; private practice, aesthetic ocuplastic surgery; and the Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center.
Received for publication February 28, 2011; accepted June 28, 2011.
Disclosure: Dr. Fagien is a clinical investigator for Allergan, Medicis, and Galderma. Dr. Rohrich is a clinical investigator for Medicis, Contura, Mentor, and Baxter. Neither Dr. Nguyen nor Dr. Ahmad has any financial interests to disclose.
Related Video content is available for this article. The video can be found under the “Related Videos” section of the full-text article, or, for Ovid users, using the URL citation printed in the article.
Rod J. Rohrich, M.D.; Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 1801 Inwood Road, Dallas, Texas 75390-9132, email@example.com