Summary: End-stage renal disease patients who have lost a significant amount of weight are increasingly being evaluated for kidney transplantation. An abdominal panniculus, almost uniformly observed, creates an area predisposed to wound complications. Consequently, a panniculus may limit a patient's candidacy for transplantation. The authors describe their preliminary experience utilizing panniculectomy as a prophylactic procedure to reduce wound complications following kidney transplantation in patients whose panniculus would exclude them from renal transplantion. A single-institution chart review was conducted of nine patients with end-stage renal disease who underwent a panniculectomy in preparation for transplantation. Clinical outcomes and complications were reviewed. The nine patients included three men and six women with a mean age of 54.5 years and a mean body mass index of 28.3 kg/m2. Four patients had diabetes. All patients underwent an uncomplicated panniculectomy, with a mean resected weight of 3.0 kg, and a mean length of hospital stay of 1.75 days. No one required blood transfusions. All patients were followed postoperatively for 3 months. Complications included an abscess and a skin dehiscence treated with local wound care. After recovery, patients were referred to the transplant center for re-evaluation for kidney transplantation. Thus far, four of these nine patients have undergone transplantation. This case series suggests that panniculectomy can be performed safely in patients with end-stage renal disease. Furthermore, panniculectomy gives these otherwise unsuitable kidney transplant candidates access to a life-saving operation.
CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, IV.