Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Skip Navigation LinksHome > November 2003 - Volume 112 - Issue 6 > Reverse Anterior Tibial Artery Flap for Reconstruction of Fo...
Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery:
doi: 10.1097/01.PRS.0000086771.77788.6C
Original Articles

Reverse Anterior Tibial Artery Flap for Reconstruction of Foot Donor Site

Dong, Jia Sheng M.D.; Peng, Yeong Pin F.R.C.S.; Zhang, Yi Xin M.D.; Lim, Beng Hai F.R.C.S.; Pho, Robert W. H. F.R.C.S.

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The foot offers numerous useful options for hand reconstruction. Hallux transfer, dorsalis pedis flap, second toe transfers, and toe joint transfers offer good functional results in reconstructed hands. However, when the donor site is repaired with skin grafts, delayed wound healing, scarring, and contractures often result. Poor cosmesis of the donor site and altered gait are the main drawbacks of the procedures. The authors propose a new concept of primary reconstruction of the donor foot using a reverse-flow anterior tibial flap from the same leg. Two flaps are raised from the same anterior tibial vessel system in continuity as a distal free flap for hand reconstruction and as a proximal reverse-flow pedicled flap to resurface the donor defect. This technique allows good flap reconstruction of the foot donor site, reducing morbidity and limiting the operation to the same limb. The authors report their experience of 33 cases. There were no failures. Primary wound healing was achieved in the foot donor site, with acceptable cosmesis and satisfactory function.

©2003American Society of Plastic Surgeons


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