Current options in reduction mammaplasty for severe mammary hypertrophy include amputation with free-nipple graft as well as the inferior pedicle and bipedicle techniques. Complications of these procedures include nipple-areola necrosis, insensitivity, and hypopigmentation. The purpose of this study was to determine whether medial pedicle reduction mammaplasty can minimize these complications. Twenty-three patients with severe mammary hypertrophy were studied. The medial pedicle successfully transposed the nipple-areola complex in 44 of 45 breasts (98 percent). Mean change in nipple position was 17.1 cm, and mean weight of tissue removed was 1604 g per breast. Nipple-areola sensation was retained in 43 of 44 breasts (98 percent) using a medial pedicle. Hypopigmentation was not observed, and central breast projection was restored in all patients. This study has demonstrated that medial pedicle reduction mammaplasty is a safe and reliable technique and should be given primary consideration in cases of severe mammary hypertrophy.
From The Division of Plastic Surgery at Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions.
Received for publication June 12, 1999;
revised July 30, 1999.
Maurice Y. Nahabedian, M.D. Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions 601 North Caroline Street, 8152C Baltimore, Md. 21287 firstname.lastname@example.org