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Marriage Abdominoplasty Expands the Mini-Abdominoplasty Concept.

Shestak, Kenneth C. M.D.
Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery: March 1999
Special Topic in Cosmetic Surgery: PDF Only

: The marriage of aggressive superwet liposculpture of the abdomen and adjacent anatomic regions with a modification of well-established open surgical techniques to address skin excess and perform muscle plication was used to treat 29 patients presenting for aesthetic abdominal contouring over the past 31/2 years.

The charts of 57 patients who had aesthetic contouring procedures on the abdomen performed from December of 1994 to July of 1998 were retrospectively reviewed. Fifteen patients underwent suction lipectomy alone, 13 patients were treated with conventional abdominoplasty, and 29 underwent "marriage abdominoplasty."

The 29 patients who underwent marriage abdominoplasty presented with deformities marked by excess lower abdominal skin and adipose tissue, with or without muscle laxity (Psillakis types II, III, and IV). Seventeen procedures were performed under local anesthesia with deep conscious sedation on an outpatient surgical basis. In 12 patients, the operation accompanied a hysterectomy, urologic procedure, or additional aesthetic surgical procedure(s) and was done under general anesthesia. Suction aspirates ranged between 540 and 2600 cc (mean, 1160 cc) and were accompanied by lower abdominal skin excision in every case, which was performed predominantly through short and medium-length incisions (mean, 15 cm). Rectus abdominis muscle plication was performed where necessary, using vertical plication of the infraumbilical rectus muscles in 27 patients (93 percent) and full-length plication in two patients (7 percent).

All patients demonstrated significantly improved contours and have seemed to manifest less pain when compared with patients treated by full traditional abdominoplasty. Postoperative complications have included upper abdominal skin waviness (2), annoying paresthesias and discomfort persisting for 6 months (1), seroma (1), and marginal skin necrosis with an open wound (1). The latter problem occurred in the only patient who was treated with a revision procedure. Thus, the complication rate was 17 percent (5 of 29 patients).

The marriage of aggressive superwet liposculpture of the entire abdomen with standard open surgical techniques used to treat skin excesses and allow abdominal muscle plication where necessary offers the advantage of reduced surgery when compared with full abdominoplasty, while consistently achieving significant contour improvement. This concept is applicable to the majority of patients presenting for the treatment of abdominal deformities and has markedly expanded the application of the mini-abdominoplasty concept. (Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 103: 1020, 1999.)

(C)1999American Society of Plastic Surgeons