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Autologous Breast Reconstruction after Breast-Conserving Cancer Surgery.

Papp, Christoph M.D.; Wechselberger, Gottfried M.D.; Schoeller, Thomas M.D.
Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery: November 1998
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: Breast-conserving therapy, which aims to reduce trauma by preserving as much of a patient's natural appearance as possible, does not necessarily lead to an optimal cosmesis. We hypothesized that combining plastic and oncologic surgeries would greatly reduce the physical and psychological traumas and produce an optimal cosmesis without impairing the oncologic outcome. We performed breast reconstruction on 40 cancer patients. Of those 40 patients, 15 received combined plastic and oncologic surgeries. Procedures depended on breast size: mammareduction plasty in cases with sufficient volume, and reconstruction using myocutaneous latissimus dorsi flaps for those with less volume. Cosmetic results were rated good to poor. Of the 15 primary reconstruction patients, 86.7 percent of the cases showed good results and 13.3 percent fair; in the secondary cases, 68 percent were good, 16 percent fair, and 16 percent poor. Through a follow-up and cosmetic evaluations by both surgeons and patients, the study showed that combining aesthetic improvements and oncologic surgery does not compromise patient safety, reduces mental and physical trauma, and frequently results in superior cosmesis, thereby improving the patient's overall health. (Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 102: 1932, 1998.)

(C)1998American Society of Plastic Surgeons