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Microsurgical Replantation of the Avulsed Scalp: Report of 20 Cases.

Kaixiang, Cheng; Su, Zhou; Kecheng, Jiang; Shanliang, Wang; Jiasheng, Dong; Wenyi, Huang; Tisheng, Chang
Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery:
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Abstract

: Our 4-year experience with 20 patients who had suffered avulsion of 75 percent or more of the scalp is reviewed. All patients underwent replantation using microsurgical technique with 100 percent survival in 16, partial survival in 3, and failure in only I case.

The emergency management and indications for replantation are demonstrated. The roles of sufficient preoperative preparation, generous debridement of damaged vessels, interpositional vein grafts, and the shortening of operative time in contributing to this success are emphasized. We developed a new surgical procedure called simultaneous vein grafts on donor and recipient sites in an effort to use less time in the anastomosis of interpositional vein grafts. Furthermore, we anastomosed the extra artery of the scalp to the vein on the recipient head when no suitable vein could be found. Intraoperative repair of the scalp sensory nerve and no postoperative use of any vasodilator or anticoagulant are discussed. (Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 97: 1099, 1996.)

(C)1996American Society of Plastic Surgeons