A cross-sectional study from a tertiary care center in India was undertaken to assess and compare the prevalence of blood glucose and lipid profile aberrations in children who received first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART; n = 63) and in children who were naïve to ART (n = 46). Impaired fasting blood glucose values were found in 7 children in ART-experienced group but none in ART-naïve group (P = 0.02). Low concentrations of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were more prevalent in the ART-naïve group compared with ART-experienced group (54.3% vs. 22.2%; P = 0.001). Hypertriglyceridemia was noted in a significant proportion of both ART-naïve (43.5%) and ART-experienced children (39.7%). Incidence of clinical lipodystrophy was 47.7%, and there was no significant association noted between lipid profile abnormalities and lipodystrophy.
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From the Department of Pediatrics, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India 160012.
Accepted for publication May 16, 2017.
The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.
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Address for correspondence: Deepti Suri, MD, Pediatric Allergy & Immunology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Sector 12, Chandigarh, India 160012. E-mail: email@example.com.