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Raised Frequency of Microcephaly Related to Zika Virus Infection in Two Birth Defects Surveillance Systems in Bogotá and Cali, Colombia

Hurtado-Villa, Paula MD*; Puerto, Angie K. MD; Victoria, Salomé MD; Gracia, Gloria MD§; Guasmayán, Lesly BACT; Arce, Patricia MBA; Álvarez, Gilberto MBA; Blandón, Esperanza RN; Rengifo, Nubia BACT; Holguín, Jorge A. MD; Durán, Alexander MD; Zarante, Ignacio MD, PhD**

Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal: October 2017 - Volume 36 - Issue 10 - p 1017–1019
doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001670
Brief Reports

Zika virus infection during pregnancy is now known to cause congenital microcephaly and severe brain defects. In 2016, rates of microcephaly appeared to start increasing around May, peaking in July, and declining through December. The occurrence of microcephaly appears to have increased nearly 4-fold in 2 large cities in Colombia, concurrently with the reported Zika virus epidemic in the country.

From the *Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Cali; Congenital Malformations Surveillance Programme of Bogotá, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Bogotá; Congenital Birth Defects Surveillance Programme of Cali, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Cali; §Secretaria de Salud de Bogotá, Congenital Malformations Surveillance Programme of Bogotá, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Bogotá; Secretaria de Salud de Bogotá; Secretaria de Salud Pública Municipal de Cali; and **Hospital Universitario San Ignacio, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Bogotá.

Accepted for publication April 29, 2017.

The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal’s website (www.pidj.com).

Address for correspondence: Ignacio Zarante, MD, PhD, Instituto de Genetica Humana, Hospital Universitario San Ignacio, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Bogotá, Cra 7 #40–62 Edificio 31, Bogota, Colombia. E-mail: izarante@javeriana.edu.co

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