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Cerebellitis and Acute Obstructive Hydrocephalus Associated With Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infection

Schmucker, Robyn D. MD*; Ehret, Anna MD; Marshall, Gary S. MD*

Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal: May 2014 - Volume 33 - Issue 5 - p 529–532
doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000000140
Instructive Cases

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is associated with a variety of extrapulmonary manifestations, including central nervous system inflammation. A 9-year-old boy presented with acute cerebellitis and M. pneumoniae infection, resulting in obstructive hydrocephalus requiring neurosurgical intervention. This case, along with 4 similar ones reported in the literature, suggests a distinct clinicopathologic sequence caused by mycoplasma infection.

From the *Department of Pediatrics; and Department of Neurology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY.

Accepted for publication October 10, 2013.

The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.

Address for correspondence: Gary S. Marshall, MD, 571 S. Floyd St., Suite 321, Louisville, KY 40202. E-mail: gary.marshall@louisville.edu.

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.