Mycoplasma pneumoniae is associated with a variety of extrapulmonary manifestations, including central nervous system inflammation. A 9-year-old boy presented with acute cerebellitis and M. pneumoniae infection, resulting in obstructive hydrocephalus requiring neurosurgical intervention. This case, along with 4 similar ones reported in the literature, suggests a distinct clinicopathologic sequence caused by mycoplasma infection.
From the *Department of Pediatrics; and †Department of Neurology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY.
Accepted for publication October 10, 2013.
The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.
Address for correspondence: Gary S. Marshall, MD, 571 S. Floyd St., Suite 321, Louisville, KY 40202. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.