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Tuberculosis of the Thymus in a 6-month-old Infant With Literature Review

Ruangnapa, Kanokpan MD; Anuntaseree, Wanaporn MD; Suntornlohanakul, Somchai MD

Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal: February 2014 - Volume 33 - Issue 2 - p 210–212
doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000000016
Brief Reports

Tuberculosis of the thymus is very uncommon. Most previously reported cases have involved adolescents or adults. Herein, we report a case of tuberculosis of the thymus diagnosed in a 6-month-old infant, presenting with progressive dyspnea and a mediastinal mass. Both clinical and radiologic findings were nonspecific, while pathologic findings confirmed thymic tissue with massive caseous granulomas consistent with tuberculosis.

From the Division of Pulmonology and Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand.

Accepted for publication August 20, 2013.

The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal’s website (www.pidj.com).

Address for correspondence: Kanokpan Ruangnapa, MD, Division of Pulmonology and Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Karnchanavanich Rd, Hat-yai, Songkhla 90110, Thailand. E-mail: kanoknokpan@gmail.com.

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.