We describe 48 cases of HIV-1–infected children newly diagnosed in 2006 to 2012 in France. Native French children were born to women whose HIV testing were mostly missed (13.6%), offered late (9.1%) or negative at start of pregnancy and not subsequently reoffered (54.5%). HIV testing of immigrant children were performed late after arrival, despite prompt access to healthcare structures. HIV testing strategies need to be improved.
From the *Unité d’Immunologie, Hématologie et Rhumatologie Pédiatriques, AP-HP, Hôpital Necker – Enfants Malades; †EA3620, Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité; and ‡Laboratoire de Virologie, AP-HP, Hôpital Necker – Enfants Malades, Paris, France.
Accepted for publication May 1, 2013.
P.F. received grants from French National Agency for Research on AIDS and viral hepatitis (ANRS) (to his institution) and from SIDACTION. M.-L.C. received grants from ANRS (to her institution) and payment from Janssen for board membership. F.V. is a free board member of Solidarité SIDA. The authors have no other funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.
Address for correspondence: Pierre Frange, MD, Unité d’Immunologie, Hématologie et Rhumatologie Pédiatriques, Hôpital Necker – Enfants Malades, 149 rue de Sèvres, Paris, France. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.