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Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal:
doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000000041
Vaccine Reports

Parapneumonic Pleural Effusions Caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae Serotype 3 in Children Immunized with 13-Valent Conjugated Pneumococcal Vaccine

Antachopoulos, Charalampos MD, PhD*; Tsolia, Maria N. MD, PhD; Tzanakaki, Georgina PhD; Xirogianni, Athanasia PhD; Dedousi, Olga MD; Markou, Georgia MD§; Zografou, Sofia-Maria MD, MSc§; Eliades, Andreas MD§; Kirvassilis, Fotis MD, PhD*; Kesanopoulos, Konstantinos PhD; Roilides, Emmanuel MD, PhD*

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During 2012, Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 3 was identified by polymerase chain reaction in 15 out of 20 (75%) pleural fluid specimens from children with pneumococcal pneumonia complicated by parapneumonic pleural effusion in Greece. One-third of these children had been immunized with the 13-valent conjugated pneumococcal vaccine after the age of 12 months, according to the national immunization schedule.

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.


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