Skip Navigation LinksHome > January 2014 - Volume 33 - Issue 1 > Microbiology of Acute Mastoiditis and Complicated or Refract...
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal:
doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e3182a6adb7
Brief Reports

Microbiology of Acute Mastoiditis and Complicated or Refractory Acute Otitis Media Among Hospitalized Children in the Postvaccination Era

Giannakopoulos, Polyvios MD*; Chrysovergis, Aristeidis MD, PhD; Xirogianni, Athanasia PhD; Nikolopoulos, Thomas P. MD, PhD§; Radiotis, Alexandros MD, PhD*; Lebessi, Evangelia MD, PhD; Tsakanikos, Michail MD, PhD*; Tzanakaki, Georgina PhD; Tsolia, Maria N. MD, PhD

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In the post–heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine era, Streptococcus pneumoniae remains the leading cause of acute mastoiditis and other complicated or refractory acute otitis media among hospitalized children in our settings. Serotype 19A is predominant, invasive and multidrug resistant causing more than half of all mastoiditis cases, two-thirds of cases with subperiosteal abscess and all those requiring mastoidectomy. Continuous surveillance is required.

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.


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