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Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal:
doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e31828e9b99
HIV Reports

Implementation of Occult Hepatitis Screening in the Spanish Cohort of HIV-infected Pediatric Patients

Dapena, Marta MD*; Figueras, Concepción MD, PhD*; Noguera-Julian, Antoni MD, PhD; Fortuny, Clàudia MD, PhD; de José, María Isabel MD, PhD; Mellado, María José MD, PhD§; Gavilán, César MD; Falcón-Neyra, María Dolores MD; Navarro, María Luisa MD, PhD**; de Ory, Santiago Jiménez MSc††; López, Carmen MD‡‡; Mayol, Lluis MD, PhD§§; Méndez, María MD¶¶; Ciria, Luis Miguel MD‖‖; Coll, María Teresa MD***; García, Lourdes MD†††; Nuñez, Esmeralda MD‡‡‡; Espiau, María MD*; Soler-Palacín, Pere MD, PhD*

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Regular screening methods may miss the diagnosis of occult hepatitis B infection and seronegative hepatitis C virus infection in immunocompromised patients. A cross-sectional study within a Spanish cohort of HIV-infected children yielded 6 of 254 (2.4%) possible occult hepatitis B infection cases and 2 of 254 (0.8%) seronegative hepatitis C virus–infected patients. Implementation of occult hepatitis screening in the routine care of these children may be warranted.

© 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.


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