Skip Navigation LinksHome > April 2013 - Volume 32 - Issue 4 > Etiology of Empyema Thoracis And Parapneumonic Pleural Effus...
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal:
doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e31828637b1
Brief Reports

Etiology of Empyema Thoracis And Parapneumonic Pleural Effusion in Taiwanese Children and Adolescents Younger Than 18 Years of Age

Lin, Tzou-Yien MD*; Hwang, Kao Pin MD, PhD; Liu, Ching-Chuan MD, MPH; Tang, Ren Bin MD§; Lin, Ching Yuang MD; Gilbert, Gwendolyn L. MD; Thapa, Kiran MSc; Monegal, Javier Sawchik PhD; Pirçon, Jean-Yves PhD; Van Dyke, Melissa K. PhD; Liu, Yan Fang MD**; Huang, Li-Min PhD††; Hausdorff, William P. PhD

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We analyzed blood and pleural fluid samples from 89 Taiwanese children with empyema thoracis and parapneumonic pleural effusion. Streptococcus pneumoniae was the major pathogen, identified in 12 children by bacterial culture and 53 children by molecular techniques, and serotype 19A was the dominant serotype. Also noteworthy was the detection of pneumococcal serotype 1, Haemophilus influenzae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae in these children.

© 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.


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