Skip Navigation LinksHome > February 2013 - Volume 32 - Issue 2 > Fatal Wild-Type Varicella-Zoster Virus Encephalitis Without...
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal:
doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e318273e43d
Brief Reports

Fatal Wild-Type Varicella-Zoster Virus Encephalitis Without A Rash in A Vaccinated Child

Ibraheem, Mam MD, MPH*†; Marin, Mona MD; Leung, Jessica MPH; Bryce, Clare H. MD§; Schmid, D. Scott PhD; Zaki, Sherif R. MD, PhD; Drew, Clifton DVM, PhD; Liu, Lindy MPH; Smelser, Chad MD

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Abstract

Encephalitis associated with varicella-zoster virus, rare among children in the varicella vaccine era, has generally been associated with a rash. We report fatal wild-type varicella-zoster virus encephalitis without a rash in a child who had received 1 dose of varicella vaccine. Varicella-zoster virus encephalitis should be considered in the differential diagnosis for children presenting with acute neurologic symptoms, even vaccine recipients.

© 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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