The causes of suppurative parotitis in Cambodian children are not known. We describe 39 cases at the Angkor Hospital for Children, Siem Reap, between January 2007 and July 2011 (0.07/1000 hospital attendances). The median age was 5.7 years with no neonates affected. Burkholderia pseudomallei was cultured in 29 (74%) cases. No deaths occurred; 1 child developed facial nerve palsy.
From the *Angkor Hospital for Children, Siem Reap, Cambodia; †Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand; ‡Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, Churchill Hospital, Oxford University, Oxford; §Department of Medicine, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge; ¶University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Accepted for publication April 2, 2012.
Supported by the Wellcome Trust of Great Britain and the Li Ka Shing-University of Oxford Global Health Program. The authors have no other funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.
Address for Correspondence: Nicole Stoesser, MB BS, Microbiology Laboratory, Angkor Hospital for Children, Vithey Preah Sangreach Tep Vong & Um Chhay St, Sangkat Svay Dangkum Commune, Siem Reap, Cambodia. E-mail: email@example.com.