A retrospective case-control study was undertaken among patients followed at the Texas Children's Hospital Retrovirology Clinic to determine the risk factors for Staphylococcus aureus infection. A total of 28 episodes of S. aureus infection were identified from 20 patients. Case patients had more advanced HIV disease as measured by CD4 T-cell counts, log10 human immunodeficiency viral load, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention category of disease, than controls.
From the *Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; and †Section of Retrovirology, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.
Accepted for publication September 26, 2011.
Conflicts of interest and sources of funding: Supported in part by an investigator-initiated grant from Pfizer (to S.L.K.). The authors have no other funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.
Address for correspondence: J. Chase McNeil, MD, Texas Children's Hospital, 1102 Bates St, Ste 1150, Houston, TX 77030. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.