We present a case of para-influenza type 1 induced rhabdomyolysis, acute renal failure, and extensive compartment syndrome in a 6-year-old previously well child. Fasciotomies and subsequent skin grafting of both lower extremities and a prolonged course of hemodialysis led to a complete clinical and biochemical recovery.
From the *Department of Pediatrics, §Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, British Columbia's Children's Hospital, British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada; †Vancouver Island Health Authority, British Columbia, Canada; and ‡Department of Orthopedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
Accepted for publication February 27, 2009.
No sources of support or financial funding consent was obtained for publication of this case report from the child's mother.
Address for correspondence: Regan Ebbeson, MD, 3838 Hoskins Road, North Vancouver, BC, V7K 2N8. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.