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VACCINE-STRAIN VARICELLA ZOSTER VIRUS CAUSING RECURRENT HERPES ZOSTER IN AN IMMUNOCOMPETENT 2-YEAR-OLD

Ota, Kaede MD*; Kim, Vy MD*; Lavi, Sasson MD*; Ford-Jones, Elizabeth L. MD*; Tipples, Graham PhD; Scolnik, Dennis MB, ChB*; Tellier, Raymond MD, MSc*

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal: September 2008 - Volume 27 - Issue 9 - p 847-848
doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e318170af75
Brief Reports

Varivax III is a live attenuated vaccine against varicella zoster virus (VZV). We report a case of recurrent vaccine-strain herpes zoster in an immunocompetent 2-year-old child. Vaccine-strain VZV was identified through polymerase chain reaction. This report aims to alert physicians that recurrent vaccine-strain herpes zoster can be a rare complication of VZV vaccination in apparently immunocompetent hosts.

From *The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON; and †The National Microbiology Laboratory, Winnipeg, MB, Canada.

Accepted for publication February 26, 2008.

Address for correspondence: Raymond Tellier, MD, MSc, Division of Microbiology, Pediatric Laboratory Medicine, The Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, ON M5G 1X8, Canada. E-mail: raymond.tellier@sickkids.ca.

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.