Skip Navigation LinksHome > September 2008 - Volume 27 - Issue 9 > EPIDEMIOLOGY OF NEW CASES OF HIV-1 INFECTION IN CHILDREN REF...
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal:
doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e3181719fa5
Brief Reports

EPIDEMIOLOGY OF NEW CASES OF HIV-1 INFECTION IN CHILDREN REFERRED TO THE METROPOLITAN PEDIATRIC HOSPITAL IN WASHINGTON, DC

Rakhmanina, Natella Y. MD*†‡; Sill, Anne BA§; Baghdassarian, Aline MD†‡; Bruce, Kristine MD∥; Williams, Keetra RN‡; Castel, Amanda D. MD‡¶; Rakusan, Tamara MD*†§; Singh, Nalini MD*†‡¶; Spiegel, Hans M. L. MD*‡§#

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Abstract

Between 2000 and 2005, 84 HIV-infected children were referred to Children's National Medical Center; 28 were born to immigrant mothers, 89% of whom were of African descent. Rates of antiretroviral prophylaxis were low regardless of maternal origin. Nonimmigrant mothers (30.4%) used illicit drugs (P < 0.001), and 50% of immigrant mothers breast-fed their children (P < 0.001). These data can guide intervention strategies.

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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