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Intrathoracic Lymphadenitis Caused by Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium tuberculosis in an Immunocompetent Child

Tuerlinckx, David MD*; Bodart, Eddy MD*; Beckers, Dominique MD*; Glupczynski, Youri MD, PhD*†

Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal: August 2008 - Volume 27 - Issue 8 - pp 759-760
doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e31816ffc27
Brief Reports

By means of a DNA probe assay (INNO-LiPA) we identified 2 different mycobacterial strains (Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex) from a mediastinal lymph node biopsy obtained from an apparently immunocompetent 7.5-year-old girl, whereas culture grew only M. avium. Clinicians should be aware of the possible occurrence of mixed infection involving both nontuberculous mycobacteria and M. tuberculosis.

From the Département de *Pédiatrie, and †Microbiologie, Université Catholique de Louvain, Cliniques Universitaires de Mont-Godinne, Yvoir, Belgique.

Accepted for publication February 22, 2008.

Address for correspondence: David Tuerlinckx, MD, Département de Pédiatrie, Université Catholique de Louvain, Cliniques Universitaires de Mont-Godinne, 5530 Yvoir, Belgique. E-mail: david.tuerlinckx@pedi.ucl.ac.be.

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.